1

《蘋果》直擊︱核災封印蘇聯模範社區 鬼城遊樂場百年孤寂 蘋果日報 Apple Daily

蘋果動新聞 HK Apple Daily | 時政類 | May 9, 2021

此影片謄本由初四製作

非作商業用途,本檔案版權歸版權持有人獨有

記者繼續封鎖區行程。切爾諾貝爾近年成為全球熱話,幾隻電競遊戲都以鬼城做背景。因為咁吸引左好多後生仔女到訪。佢地自稱Stalker 「追迹者」。記者喺鬼城就遇到19歲嘅Andrey。

Andrey:「點解我要黎鬼城?每個人都有自己嘅原因。對我黎講係趁機抖一抖,諗吓人類幾咁渺小,尤其係喺面對全球災難嘅時候,發生喺1986年嘅災難。」

鬼城追迹必需品係輻射探測儀(Dosimeter)。

核封鎖區導遊 / 傳譯Olena:你有冇帶輻射探測儀?

Andrey:梗係有啦

Olena:你唔驚咩?

Andrey:我唔係好驚鬼城嘅輻射,我都冇遇到高輻射。我反而想去高輻射嘅地方睇吓。

追迹者大部份都係兜過軍警檢查點偷入鬼城過夜,不過Andrey因為跌左錢,決定向軍警自首,希望軍警載佢離開鬼城。記者遇到Andrey嘅時候,啱啱佢已經打電話自首。

Olena:你自首果時警方態度點樣?

Andrey:幾好。佢地喺電話度好有禮貌,同我解釋點樣去邊度揾佢地。佢地甚至應承喺檢查點俾杯熱茶我

Andrey之後就行到100米外警察停車嘅馬路上面。

切爾諾貝爾核災入面有兩座較大嘅城鎮因為輻射污染而變成廢墟。宜家外圍相對低輻射嘅係切爾諾貝爾市。離反應堆得3公里嘅係鬼城Pripyat。呢度本來住左5萬名電廠工人同埋家屬,係前蘇聯嘅模範社區。社區配備充裕,係核電居民嘅獎賞,但係宜家只剩低上百棟嘅廢棄大廈。

Olena:So this place before the accident looks like this. So you see behind it there were no trees, there was the stadium, but now it has completely overgrown into a forest here. Yeah and the heartbreaking thing about the Ferris Wheel was it was never launched for children.
(呢個鬼城爆炸前係咁樣嘅,後面嘅體育場以前冇樹,宜家生晒樹成個森林咁。而令人傷心嘅係起左個摩天輪但冇開過幕俾細路玩。)

下載檔案

下載檔案

1

1

營運經費相當貧乏,敬請體諒我們投放少量Google Ads!

1

呢個遊樂場本身有摩天輪、臣型韆鞦,仲有碰碰車樂園,本來係共產主義嘅模範城市。不過自爆炸第二日起就變成鬼城,前後超過5萬人強制撤離。遊樂場本身正趕工打算喺5.1勞動節開幕慶祝,不過宜家周圍都係輻射。記者喺樂園拍攝,冇為意到輻射,Olena即刻好緊張。

Olena:That is one of the contaminated places at [on] the amusement park, this is why we always tell our tourists, please don’t go inside. 0.07 µSv/h , now on my counter, if I put it closer or somewhere inside, you will see it will start beeping now. So from 0.08 now it jumps up to 2.4.
(果度係其中一個高輻射嘅地方,所以我地成日都同遊客講唔好入去。宜家輻射探測儀係0.07 µSv/h,如果我行近D,或者擺個探測儀入圍欄入面,架機就即刻響,由0.8升到2.4。)

呢個原本展望將來嘅城市,宜家永遠封印喺過去。

下一站廢墟係戰車嘅墳場。

Olena:That was used in the 80s. The most of them, there are thousands of them, they will be parked forever on the burial site, where it is too contaminated that we are not allowed to go over there because of the high level of radiation. But here, originally, there was a small parking lot for the vehicles, now they are kind of moving here.
(80年代用嘅。大部份嘅戰車,有幾千架,佢地會永遠泊喺戰車墳場,但因為太高輻射我地唔可以去。但呢度本身有個細D嘅停車場,當局將佢地移左去呢度。)

反應堆爆炸之後燒左整整兩個星期。蘇聯為左救熄反應堆場火,幾乎動用晒所有可以用嘅戰車。

Olena:So this is like a tank. But it was not shooting at anything here, it was used to demolish some of the buildings or to pull some other heavy machinery. And this huge vehicles from Belarus, BelAZ, they have such huge wheels, they were used to wash the roads, to wash the buildings here. This type of military machinery were used a lot, that is the obstacles removing vehicle. And here it was removing obstacles, and it helped to clean the debris of the reactor, around reactor number four next to the nuclear power plant. So they are still more or less contaminated, so we can’t climb on it or approach it too much. But from this distance it’s OK.
(咁呢個係坦克。佢救災果時冇射過炮彈,只係用黎拆建築物,或者拖其他重型機器。呢D巨型水缸車由白羅斯製造,BelAZ,有好大個車軚,果陣用黎清洗路同建築物上面嘅輻射 。呢類軍用車輛好常用,用黎清理障礙物,仲有清理爆炸左嘅4號反應堆嘅殘骸。佢地仲沾有輻射,我地唔可以爬上去或者行太近,但呢個距離係OK嘅。)

記者到訪嘅只係其中一個細規模嘅戰車墳場,呢場核災埋葬嘅仲有更加大而無當嘅廢鐵。

呢個巨型雷達叫做Duga,成50層樓咁高。核電廠爆炸之前,Duga嘅作用係對準美國嘅偵測導彈、甚至係核彈。資料顯示,冷戰當年全世界嘅雷達都聽到Duga發出嘅干擾電波,但係就冇人知道佢所在嘅位置。

Olena:This is a territory of the secret military town.
(呢度係一個軍方嘅秘密社區。)

社區連名都冇,只得代號「切爾諾貝爾-2」。

1

1

Olena:All the computers here, when the accident happened not far away from here, they were burnt because of radiation, and what is left is just this huge rusted monster. They were using very expensive metals, it was very well built, so we think it’s gonna stand here for another 50 years. It is huge, expensive, useless, metal-built sort of thing.
(爆炸好近,所以呢度所有電腦都俾輻射燒壞,剩低呢個巨型嘅生鏽怪物。Duga用好貴嘅金屬建造,都造得好堅固。我地諗佢可能會再矗立多50年,但只係巨型、昂貴、鐵鑄嘅產物。)

原本防止美國突襲嘅龐然大物,下場係俾自爆嘅核電廠令佢變成廢鐵。呢場核災係大部份烏克蘭人嘅創傷。Olena爆炸果陣得幾個星期大。

Olena:I remember that my mother was telling me that when the accident happened, she saw a violet rainbow in the sky. I think that was her emotional imagination as there was so much false information and disinformation from the Soviet Union, that nobody knew nothing and nobody believed any words of the Soviet government.
(我記得我媽講話爆炸發生時佢見到天空有條紫色嘅彩虹。我覺得係佢創傷壓力下嘅幻覺黎。果陣有好多蘇聯政府發放出黎嘅假資訊、錯誤訊息,平民間冇人知發生咩事,都冇人信政府講嘅任何野。)

核封鎖區近年逐步開放,疫情前,每年嘅遊客都倍增,好似喺人地傷口灑鹽咁,但Olena話,每個人都應該黎睇睇。

Olena:Of course this is a place of tragedy, and I think everybody should know about this tragedy. Yeah this is not a place of adventure, or for extreme. For me it is an open-aired museum, and it keeps the memory. If this museum does not exist, we can forget and repeat [again] the same mistake. My message is never again, let’s remember what happened here and what is the cause under lies.
(呢度當係係一個充滿悲劇嘅地方,但我覺得每個人都應該要認識呢場悲劇。呢度唔係俾你歷險、極限旅遊嘅地方。對我黎講係一個露天嘅博物館,承載住記憶。如果呢個博物館唔再存在,人類就會遺忘歷史、重蹈覆轍。我想講嘅係,唔好再犯同一個錯誤,要謹記呢度發生過嘅事、謹記瞞報、謊言嘅代價。)

記者再經過唔同關卡,切爾諾貝爾市周圍仍然有荷槍軍警巡邏。

記者(問軍警):Is this a traditional AK-47?
(呢枝係咪傳統俄羅斯嘅AK-47步槍?)

1

1

Olena:He said that AK-47 is old, they don’t use it anymore. Now it is a modernized version, AK-47 short version.
(佢話AK-47已經好舊,宜家唔再用。呢個係現代版,AK-47 短版)

封鎖區軍管嘅緊張氣氛喺核災35年後仍然有增無減。封鎖區最後一站係去核災嘅原點,4號反應堆。

幾十萬人要疏散、大半個歐洲受輻射塵侵襲、方圓30公里圍封最少100年,一切都源於1986年4月26號我地面前呢個核反應堆嘅爆炸。

Olena:First of all, we are just less than 300 meters away from the new safe confinement. So that is the epicenter of the worst nuclear disaster in [the] human history. This is the place where it all happened. So that is the place of the nuclear reactor number four. And the security is coming to us for some reason.
(首先,我地宜家距離新嘅安全裝置少過300米,係有史以黎最嚴重嘅核事故,所有野都係喺4號核反應堆發生,即係果度。軍警好似係黎揾我地喎)

軍警:(敬禮)日安

我地只係拍攝左唔夠5分鐘,即刻有軍警過黎「提醒」。

Olena:They asked not to film the buildings, just to film the new safe confinement please
(佢地叫我地唔好拍攝建築物,只可以影個石棺)

記者:Is it possible to only film the monument without...
(有可能剩係影個石像而唔影建築物咩?)

Olena:So just make a serious face, pretend that you are afraid of them and they will not force you to delete any of the videos.. OK?
(你嚴肅D,扮驚佢地,佢地就唔會逼你刪D影片架喇)

1

1

之後Olena以最快速度解釋反應堆。

Olena:So this is how this place looked right after the accident, you can see the absolutely ruined reactor, so they had to clean the area very much. Then to build the old sarcophagus, that is the first shelter to cover the ruined reactor number four. Because right now we have here 0.6µSv/h, before the new safe confinement it was like 4µSv/h. And before confinement and the sarcophagus, right after the accident here it was million times higher. And very sorry but not to irritate the security, we need to now drive.
(爆炸啱啱發生完果時,呢度係咁樣嘅,你見到個反應堆係被完全破壞,所以果陣清理左好多。之後起左舊果個安全圍封石棺,即係第一個蓋住4號反應堆嘅保護罩。宜家我地度到0.6度,新石棺起之前係大概4度,而啱啱爆炸完係再高幾百萬倍。唔好意思喇,為免焫著D軍警,我地要揸車走喇)

呢個暫時被封印嘅怪獸,大家都擔心稍有差池就會即時再爆發。到底切爾諾貝爾核電廠點解會爆炸?記者去到烏克蘭國立切爾諾貝爾博物館。博物館收藏左封鎖區裡面一隻畸形豬嘅標本,係目前封鎖區輻射對生物影響嘅最有力證據。博物館並都收藏左大量當年中輻射毒死去消防員嘅遺物、清理人員嘅口述紀錄等,最重要係館方安排左研究員解答記者嘅疑問 - 「爆炸嘅原因」。研究員概括話發電廠操作失誤自爆,第一個原因係反應堆設計缺陷。蘇聯設計嘅RBMK反應堆冇包圍牆設計,以今日國際標準係唔允許運作嘅。冇包圍牆嘅原因係蘇聯反應堆非常巨大,為左節省成本同埋建造嘅難度,索性就唔起。第二個原因,係蘇聯制度失誤,電廠員工要同時係物理學家同技術人員先識得操作核電廠。

Olexii (切爾諾貝爾博物館研究員):佢地喺電廠工作,要自己學技術上嘅問題,根本冇有系統地考核員工技術能力嘅制度。例如其中一個員工Toptunov,佢被指當晚令電廠爆炸,佢只係物理學家,只有3個月電廠工作嘅經驗,佢冇經驗應付當晚電廠嘅惡劣情況。

切爾諾貝爾電廠核災總共投入左最多80萬人清理,經濟損失相當於2350億美金。

Olexii:經濟上當時損失左4000MW嘅電力,60萬至80萬人參與左善後工作,仲動用左大量器材。呢個係巨大嘅經濟重擔,冇國家能夠負擔到。切爾諾貝爾核災可以視為蘇聯崩潰嘅重要原因。

蘇聯當年嘅口號係「和平使用核子技術」,但一場人為失誤嘅核災瞞報代價係永無休止咁樣守護住呢隻暫時封印嘅怪獸。

1

IMG_1410.PNG

在囚手足能夠接觸外間資訊的渠道寥寥可數,Youtube 機頂盒為每星期從 Youtube 上挑選不同種類的專題影片並製作成謄本、印刷成信件並寄到在囚手足手上的長期計劃。

你唔需要使用真實身份同披露自己地址就可以同手足做筆友喇!

立即登記成為筆友啦!話俾在囚手足知我哋無忘記佢!

其他最新謄本

https-::www.youtube.com:watch?v=TSJwMZvw

臉書、谷歌數位監控的未來...中國社會信用體系? 如何終結監控?書來面對 EP18《監控資本主義時代》下集 Shoshana Zuboff / 說書【資訊/社會科學】

超級歪 SuperY | 時政類

https-::www.youtube.com:watch?v=TSJwMZvw

晚吹:又要威又要戴頭盔—驅魔人II

ViuTV | 娛樂類

https-::www.youtube.com:watch?v=TSJwMZvw

「米膠波台」【歐國盃】各小組分析+出線球隊預測(下)

米膠波台 | 娛樂類

https-::www.youtube.com:watch?v=TSJwMZvw

「米膠波台」【歐國盃】各小組分析+出線球隊預測(上)

米膠波台 | 娛樂類

https-::www.youtube.com:watch?v=TSJwMZvw

【驚爆結局】2021最瘋狂比賽?F1阿塞拜疆站賽後回顧| 阿非講賽車 EP 74

FAYE TV | 娛樂類

0